MBL System untuk Eksperimen Sains
Computer and Student Scientific Investigations
- Scientific investigations may consist of direct interaction with phenomena, interaction with phenomena mediated through computers or other instruments, the use of computer models, visualizations, or simulations, or interactions with large scientific databases, along with other investigative tools and techniques.
- Interactive computer models, visualizations, and other representations (e.g., videos, images, and animations) can be useful in providing students with scaffolded representations of natural phenomena that are difficult to see and understand in the real world and in illustrating conceptual interrelationships and connections between multiple linked representations.
- Computer simulations and other representations can be useful in allowing students to explore and observe phenomena that are too expensive, infeasible, or dangerous to interact with directly.
- Providing students with access to large scientific databases using appropriately structured interfaces can support development of students’ conceptual understanding and understanding of the data analysis process. Focusing students on causal explanation and argumentation based on the data analysis process can help them move from a descriptive, phenomenological view of science to one that considers theoretical issues of cause.
- Computers and networks can provide students with remote access to scientific instruments that allows them to conduct scientific investigations that might otherwise be unavailable to them.
- Interactions with computer-based representations and simulations of natural phenomena and large scientific databases should be integrated whenever possible into a thoughtful sequence of instruction that also includes direct interaction with the phenomena being studied (Kemi Jona & John Adsit, 2010).